On This Day… – The British Newspaper Archive Blog


On This Day…

31 August
Mary Ward: the first fatality in a car accident in the UK & Ireland, 31.8.1869 – find out more on the BNA blog http://bit.ly/1duuKBB

“He who would valiant be ‘gainst all disaster” – John Bunyan died in London on 31 August 1688, aged 59 http://bit.ly/160Pzyp

30 August
Evacuation of children & other ‘priority classes’ from UK cities, 30/31 August 1939 – visit the BNA blog to read more http://bit.ly/16QhwtN

29 August
The sinking of HMS Royal George at Spithead on 29 August 1782 – visit the BNA blog to read newspaper reports on this tragedy http://bit.ly/18ZOFmG

28 August
Leo Tolstoy (Lev Nikolayevich) was born in Yasnaya Polyana on 28 August 1828 http://bit.ly/18rQlVP

27 August
The eruption of Krakatoa on 27 August 1883 – visit the BNA blog to read contemporary a newspaper report on the disaster http://bit.ly/1fgw6we

On 27 August 1813, Napoleon defeated the coalition armies in the Battle of Dresden http://bit.ly/1eGHZey

26 August
Prince Albert, husband, consort and soulmate of Queen Victoria, was born in Schloss Rosenau on 19 August 1819 http://bit.ly/14t7SsB

25 August
Allan Pinkerton, creator of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, was born in Glasgow on 25 August 1819 http://bit.ly/167nhmg

24 August
Sir ‘Max’ Beerbohm, caricaturist, writer and wit, was born in London on 24 August 1872 http://bit.ly/18rMYhA

23 August
Rudolph Valentino died on 23 August 1926, aged only 31 – visit the BNA blog to read about ‘The Great Lover’ http://bit.ly/19zOZtt

22 August
‘What fresh Hell is this?’ Dorothy Parker, born 22.8.1893; flung out of Charlestown Jail, 11.8.1927 – read more on the BNA http://blog bit.ly/14g3IJg

Sir Oliver Lodge, a pioneer of wireless telegraphy, died on 22.8.1940 – visit the BNA blog to read more http://bit.ly/14BnQSx

Claude Debussy, composer of ‘Clair de Lune’, was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 22 August 1862 http://bit.ly/146Q7QE

21 August
Aubrey Beardsley, the illustrator and author, was born in Brighton on 21 August 1872 http://bit.ly/1cwZ4M8

20 August
William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, died on 20 August 1912 – visit the BNA blog to read an obituary of Booth http://bit.ly/1eWrf3g

19 August
Orville Wright was born in Dayton, Ohio, on 19.8.1871 – read historical newspaper stories about Wright at @BNArchive http://bit.ly/1bLZomx

Groucho Marx died on 19 August 1977 – visit the BNA blog to see a ‘cha-cha-cha’ photo of Groucho and Margaret Dumont http://bit.ly/1ai4YPC

6-0, 6-0, 6-0, 6-0…Groucho Marx decides to stop playing his son, Arthur, at tennis – find out more on the BNA blog http://bit.ly/1ai4YPC

18 August
Honore de Balzac, novelist and playwright, died in Paris on 18 August 1850, aged 51 http://bit.ly/16TJGEH

17 August
Bridget Driscoll: the first pedestrian fatality in a car accident in the UK, 17.8.1896 – read more on the BNA blog http://bit.ly/16PKQzg

16 August
The death of ‘Babe’ Ruth, 16 August 1948 – visit the BNA blog to read reports about the ‘Home Run King’ http://bit.ly/14firAm

15 August
On 15 August 1947, India declared its independence from the UK, with Jawaharial Nehru as the first prime minister http://bit.ly/13QSGMp

14 August
Lord Northcliffe, the newspaper magnate who founded The Daily Mirror and The Daily Mail, died on 14.8.1922, aged 57 http://bit.ly/18mYrQ8

13 August
Annie Oakley, the American sharpshooter and muse for ‘Annie Get Your Gun’, was born in North Star, Ohio, on 13.8.1860 http://bit.ly/120jTei

12 August
‘The Glorious 12th’ – visit @BNArchive to read historical newspaper stories about the start of the grouse-shooting season http://bit.ly/13SnDjp

George Stephenson, inventor of the ‘Rocket’ steam locomotive, died in Chesterfield, on 12 August 1848, aged 67 http://bit.ly/13BbNms

11 August
Andrew Carnegie, the Scots-American industrialist who became become a steel baron & philanthropist, died on 11.8.1919 http://bit.ly/151PcDy

10 August
John George Haigh, ‘the Acid Bath Murderer’, was executed at Wandsworth Prison on 10 August 1949 http://bit.ly/13B5QWv

9 August
On 9 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in Mumbai for his role in leading the ‘Quit India’ campaign http://bit.ly/14WkDz9

8 August
The Graf Zeppelin airship began its round-the-world flight on 8 August 1929 http://bit.ly/15CqSqC

7 August
Samuel Cody, the first man to perform a powered flight in the UK, was killed in an air crash in Hampshire on 7.8.1913 http://bit.ly/190Qp2p

6 August
William Kemmler became the first person to be executed in an electric chair on 6 August 1890 http://bit.ly/190MMJD

5 August
Friedrich Engels, author of ‘The Condition of the Working Class in England’, died in London on 5 August 1895, aged 74 http://bit.ly/18lqPpe

4 August
Hans Christian Anderson, the cobbler’s son who blossomed into a writer of beautiful fairy tales, died on 4 August 1875 http://bit.ly/190LpKZ

3 August
Joseph Conrad, the Polish author who wrote ‘Heart of Darkness’, died in Bishopsbourne on 3 August 1924, aged 66 http://bit.ly/15Cdhjk

2 August
Enrico Caruso, the Neapolitan with the golden voice, died in Naples on 2 August 1921, aged 48 http://bit.ly/12SMGfT

1 August
The Warsaw Uprising started on 1 August 1944 http://bit.ly/13gmYVZ



31 July
Dr Crippen and Ethel Le Neve were arrested on-board the SS Montrose on 31 July 1910 http://bit.ly/14smvOh

30 July
Parkinson’s Law: work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion. Northcote Parkinson, born 30.7.1909 http://bit.ly/11MYfFc

Celebrate the birthday of Northcote Parkinson by reading newspaper reports about the effects of Parkinson’s Law http://bit.ly/17fciYk

29 July
William Wilberforce, the English politician who was a leading figure in the anti-slavery movement, died on 29.7.1833 http://bit.ly/18fJpOA

28 July
Beatrix Potter, writer, artist and conservationist, was born in Kensington, London, on 28 July 1866 http://bit.ly/12jEfwL

27 July
The Korean War ended on 27 July 1953, with the signing of an armistice by Nam II and William K. Harrison Jr http://bit.ly/1clNmyM

26 July
George Bernard Shaw was born in Dublin on 26 July 1856 – read historical newspaper stories about ‘GBS’ http://bit.ly/14wRIjZ

25 July
Mata Hari (‘eye of the day’), the alleged WW1 spy, was found guilty and sentenced to death in Paris on 25 July 1917 http://bit.ly/10kBk6q

24 July
Simon Bolivar, soldier, statesman and liberator, was born in Caracas on 24 July 1783 http://bit.ly/11Hr8Ws

23 July
‘You can always take one with you’: on 23.7.1940, Churchill renamed ‘The Local Defence Volunteers’ as ‘The Home Guard’ http://bit.ly/16z0bo3

22 July
Florenz Ziegfeld, founder of ‘The Ziegfeld Follies’ and creator of ‘The American Girl’ idea, died on 23 July 1932 http://bit.ly/14wOHA8

21 July
Ernest Miller Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, on 21.7.1899 – read historical newspaper stories about ‘Hem’ http://bit.ly/122YBar

20 July
Guglielmo Marconi, the Italian inventor famous for his work on long distance radio transmission, died on 20 July 1937 http://bit.ly/11MPGtN

19 July
Lizzie Borden, famously accused of being an axe murderer, was born in Fall River, Massachusetts, on 19 July 1860 http://bit.ly/149sKrW

18 July
Dr William Gilbert Grace was born on 18 July 1848 – read 19thC newspaper stories about the famed cricketer http://bit.ly/10kuzBw

17 July
On 17 July 1815, Napoleon surrendered to the British at Rochefort – read newspaper stories about this historic moment http://bit.ly/11MNCC8

16 July
Roald Amundsen was born on 16 July – read historical newspaper stories about the famous explorer http://bit.ly/11ZWz9W

15 July
General Tom Thumb, a star in PT Barnum’s ‘Greatest Show on Earth’, died on 15 July 1883, aged only 45 http://bit.ly/12Gb7Bz

14 July
A Paris mob stormed the Bastille on 14 July 1789 – read newspaper stories from 1789 about the Bastille http://bit.ly/14fU9Hq

Read newspaper stories from July 1789 reporting on Marquis de Launay’s defence of the Bastille against the Paris Mob http://bit.ly/19McRw4

13 July
On 13 July 1923, the UK parliament passed a law banning the sale of alcohol to under-18s http://bit.ly/128sW6a

12 July
On 12 July 1930, Don Bradman broke all cricket records with a score of 334 runs in a test against England at Leeds http://bit.ly/ZZzrfd

Alfred Dreyfus, the French soldier whose conviction for treason caused a nation scandal, died on 12 July 1935 http://bit.ly/13X5WtF

11 July
“George Gershwin died on July 11, 1937, but I don’t have to believe that if I don’t want to” http://bit.ly/11W3xRo

10 July
James McNeill Whistler was born in Lowell, Massachusetts on 10 July 1834 – read 19thC news stories about Whistler http://bit.ly/14FwSAQ

9 July
Allies forces began the invasion of Sicily on 9 July 1943 http://bit.ly/11K3qW5

8 July
‘Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world’ – P.B. Shelley drowned in the Bay of Spezia on 8 July 1822 http://bit.ly/11K2Ya7

7 July
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes, passed over to the other side on 7 July 1930 http://bit.ly/11K09WC

6 July
Guy de Maupassant, the brilliant short story writer, died in an asylum in Paris on 6 July 1893 http://bit.ly/14Ftnu8

‘I have coveted everything and taken pleasure in nothing’ – the epitaph that Guy De Maupassant wrote for himself

5 July
To celebrate the coronation of Edward VII, “The King’s Dinner to the Poor” was held in London on 5 July 1902 http://bit.ly/11j7yQc

4 July
Marie Curie, the Polish-born scientist who won two Nobel Prizes, died on 4 July 1934 http://bit.ly/14cSWjW

3 July
The Battle of Gettysburg ended on 3 July 1863, with the Union Army defeating the Confederates http://bit.ly/10pLgxH

2 July
Herman Hesse, author of ‘Steppenwolf’ and ‘Narcissus & Goldmund’, was born in Calw on 2 July 1877 http://bit.ly/15bYnyA

1 July
The Battle of the Somme started on 1.7.1916, with the British suffering 60,000 casualties on day one of the offensive http://bit.ly/19Me4Uf




30 June
On 30 June 1894, Tower Bridge in London was officially opened by the Prince of Wales http://bit.ly/14mWPTV

29 June
Lady Randolph Churchill, the American mother of Winston, died on 29 June 1921, aged 67 http://bit.ly/104ncOK

28 June
In Sarajevo on 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown http://bit.ly/17tScMe

27 June
Charles Parnell, the politician who led the Irish Home Rule party in the House of Commons, was born on 27 June 1846 http://bit.ly/1819r5l

26 June
In Hyde Park on 26 June 1857, Queen Victoria awarded 62 soldiers with a new military honour – the Victoria Cross http://bit.ly/11E3aO2

25 June
‘In a time of universal deceit – telling the truth is a revolutionary act’; George Orwell was born on 25 June 1903 http://bit.ly/104l75A

24 June
On 24 June 1867, General Custer was defeated by Crazy Horse and his Sioux warriors at the Battle of Little Big Horn http://bit.ly/13kDzUR

23 June
The coronation of King George V took place in Westminster Abbey on 23 June 1911 http://bit.ly/141YC1c

Edward VIII, the UK monarch who abdicated in 1936 to marry Wallis Simpson, was born on 23 June 1894 http://bit.ly/TpRUwa

22 June
Erich Maria Remarque, author of ‘All Quiet on the Western Front’, was born in Osnabruck on 22 June 1898 http://bit.ly/Pj7TtN

21 June
Pagan alert! Read historical newspaper stories about celebrations of the summer solstice http://bit.ly/15MaUis

20 June
Princess Victoria became Queen on 20 June 1837 – read a newspaper report about this event on the @BNArchive homepage http://bit.ly/NwJfmD

19 June
On 19 June 1953, Ether and Julius Rosenberg were executed at Sing Sing prison after being found guilty of treason http://bit.ly/100vGmL

18 June
On 18 June 1815, Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo – read a newspaper report of the battle via the @BNArchive homepage http://bit.ly/NwJfmD

17 June
Iceland became an independent republic on 17 June 1944, after ending its union with Denmark http://bit.ly/13wXgfA

16 June
Stan Laurel was born in Ulverston, Cumbria, on 16 June 1890 http://bit.ly/12zZRm

15 June
On 15 June 1919, Alcock and Brown landed at Clifden, Ireland, after flying non-stop across the Atlantic http://bit.ly/13cjjrP

14 June
Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” was born in Litchfield, Connecticut on 14 June 1811 http://bit.ly/13lp19V

13 June
W.B. Yeats was born in Sandymount on 13 June 1865 – visit @BNArchive to read historical newspaper stories about Yeats http://bit.ly/10gahdM

12 June
The Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay ended with an armistice on 12 June 1935, after 100,000 lives had been lost http://bit.ly/1068Qgj

11 June
On 11 June 1940, Benito Mussolini declared war on the Allies http://bit.ly/15pK92Z

10 June
Judy Garland (aka Frances Ethel Gumm) was born in Grand Rapids, Minnesota on 10 June 1922 http://bit.ly/18pfYb3

9 June
Charles Dickens died on 9 June 1870 – visit @BNArchive to read 19th Century newspaper stories about ‘Boz’ http://bit.ly/ZAy1EC

8 June
Thomas Paine, author of ‘Rights of Man’ and champion of free thought, died in New York on 8 June 1809 http://bit.ly/12JrsjS

7 June
On 7 June 1905, Norway ended its union with Sweden and started to negotiate its move towards independence http://bit.ly/12JpTCv

6 June
On 6 June, Allied forces landed on beaches at Normandy as ‘Operation Overlord’ begins http://bit.ly/11aN52k

5 June
Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, drowned near Orkney when HMS Hampshire struck a mine and sank on 5.6.1916 http://bit.ly/16M6yHp

4 June
Fred Spofforth, the Australian cricketer who was nicknamed ‘the demon bowler’, died in Long Ditton on 4 June 1926 http://bit.ly/10BCmWZ

3 June
Franz Kafka died in a sanatorium in Kierling, near Vienna, on 3 June 1924, after losing his 7-year battle with TB http://bit.ly/10dD396

2 June
Giuseppe Garibaldi, a leading figure in the Italian ‘Risorgimento’, died in Caprera on 2 June 1882, aged 74 http://bit.ly/127vMMd

1 June
John Masefield, the ancient mariner who became Poet Laureate, was born in Ledbury on 1 June 1878 http://bit.ly/10BBemh



31 May
‘Here we are again!’ Joseph ‘Joey’ Grimaldi, the Clown Laureate of the Regency era, died on 31 May 1837 http://bit.ly/17g3PUw

30 May
On 30 May 1842, John Francis attempted to shoot Queen Victoria as she drove down Constitution Hill with Prince Albert http://bit.ly/17g9vO9

29 May
G.K. Chesterton, the English novelist, essayist and poet, was born in London on 29 May 1874 http://bit.ly/12FeBTg

28 May
Noah Webster, lexicographer and editor of ‘An American Dictionary of the English Language’, died on 18 May 1843 http://bit.ly/13slB4L

27 May
Amelia Bloomer, the American women’s right campaigner who invented ‘bloomers’, was born in New York on 27 May 1818 http://bit.ly/11ADnl3

26 May
Al Jolson (aka Asa Yoelson), “The World’s Greatest Entertainer”, was born in Seredzius on 26 May 1886 http://bit.ly/SCAN7j

25 May
Gustav Holst, composer of ‘The Planets’ orchestral suite, died on 25 May 1934 http://bit.ly/10aVMlz

24 May
Dartmoor Prison was opened on 24 May 1809, to hold French prisoners of war from the Napoleonic Wars http://bit.ly/17fDmXb

23 May
Heinrich Himmler, Hitler’s Chief of Police and Minister of the Interior, killed himself on 23 May 1945 http://bit.ly/17MQNMz

22 May
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes, was born in #Edinburgh on 22 May 1859 http://bit.ly/10vZtcJ

21 May
Visit the British Newspaper Archive to read historical newspaper stories about the Chelsea Flower Show http://bit.ly/Y1tyzn

On 21 May 1927, Charles Lindbergh landed his plane in Paris after completing the first solo flight across the Atlantic http://bit.ly/15DG4I2

20 May
On 20 May 1867, Queen #Victoria appeared in public to lay the foundation stone for the Royal Albert Hall http://bit.ly/ZJQsq5

19 May
T.E. Lawrence, ‘Lawrence of Arabia’, died on 19 May 1935, five days after fracturing his skull in a motorcycle crash http://bit.ly/15DENAC

18 May
Frank Capra, film director and writer was born in Bisacquino, Sicily, on 18 May 1897 http://bit.ly/XT8Kb2

17 May
On 17 May 1900, news reached the UK that the siege at #Mafeking had ended, leading to hysterical scenes of rejoicing http://bit.ly/Zl7qzL

16 May
The ‘Warsaw Ghetto Uprising’ ended on 16 May 1943 http://bit.ly/Zl9k3s

15 May
On 15 May 1957, the UK dropped its first H-bomb on Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean http://bit.ly/173jbeP

Rita Hayworth died on 15 May 1987 – read historical newspaper stories about the Forces’ Sweetheart of World War two http://bit.ly/11dhLw1

14 May
On 14 May 1939, Sam Goldwyn took control of United Artists, after buying out Chaplin, Pickford and Fairbanks http://bit.ly/11hhJ4Z

13 May
Arthur Sullivan was born in Lambeth on 13 May 1842 – read historical newspaper stories about his life and music http://bit.ly/Rpesen

12 May
Florence Nightingale was born in Florence on 12 May 1820 – read Victorian news stories about ‘The lady with the lamp’ http://bit.ly/15meRJB

11 May
The UK Prime Minister, Spencer Perceval, was shot dead in the House of Commons by John Bellingham on 11 May 1812 http://bit.ly/VZmfpt

10 May
“It is the Lord’s Day; my wish is fulfilled. I have always desired to die on Sunday”: Stonewall Jackson died 10.5.1863 http://bit.ly/17o5KVc

9 May
On 9 May 1926, the aptly-named aviator, Richard Byrd, became the first person to fly over  the North Pole http://bit.ly/YvdIbd

8 May
Harry S. Truman, the US president who ordered the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was born on 8 May 1884 http://bit.ly/11h7o9o

7 May
Johannes Brahms was born in Hamburg on 7 May 1833 – read Victorian newspaper stories about Brahms http://bit.ly/ZZYs5f

You wait ages for one composer to turn up, then two arrive together – Tchaikovsky was born in Votkinsk on 7 May 1840 http://bit.ly/ZqTwus

6 May
The airship ‘Hindenburg’ exploded in New Jersey on 6 May 1937 – read old newspaper stories about the tragedy http://bit.ly/ZzGkPP

5 May
Karl Marx was born in Trier on 5 May 1818 – read historical newspaper stories about Marx’s life and achievements http://bit.ly/15m5VDW

4 May
Alice Liddell, the muse for ‘Alice in Wonderland’, was born on 4 May 1852 – read Victorian newspaper stories about ‘Alice’ http://bit.ly/ZxjwkI

3 May
On 3 May 1935, John MacRae wrote the poem, ‘In Flanders fields the poppies grow’ http://bit.ly/XQRjdx

2 May
Baron Manfred von Richthofen was born in Breslau on 2 May 1892 – read old newspaper stories about ‘the Red Baron’ http://bit.ly/11eNYQR

1 May
Up the workers! Read historical newspaper stories about Mayday celebrations from all over the world http://bit.ly/13iHQtC

David Livingstone died at Ilala, near Lake Bangweulu, on 1 May 1873 – read historical news reports about his death http://bit.ly/15lx75Y





30 April
‘Shoulder the sky, my lad, and drink your ale’ – A.E. Housman, poet and Shropshire Lad, died on 30 April 1936 http://bit.ly/XWvHXl

29 April
Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington, was born on 29 April 1769 – read news stories from 1815 about ‘the iron Duke’ http://bit.ly/YNvLrP

28 April
Benito Mussolini, ‘Il Duce’, was killed by a mob in Giulino di Mezzegra on 28 April 1946 http://bit.ly/YNvu8f

27 April
Ralph Waldo Emerson, essayist, poet and leader of the Transcendentalist Movement,  died on 27 April 1882 http://bit.ly/10fvBjV

26 April
Rudolf Hess, Deputy Fuhrer, was born in Alexandria on 26 April 1894 – read historical newspaper stories about Hess http://bit.ly/WJS41T

25 April
Sir Stafford Cripps, the UK Chancellor during the ‘Austerity Era’ that followed World War Two, was born in London on 25 April 1889 http://bit.ly/WS9LlE

24 April
William Joyce (aka ‘Lord Haw-Haw’(,the Nazi propaganda broadcaster,  was born in New York on 24 April 1906 http://bit.ly/YNs7hB

23 April
Rupert Brooke died of blood poisoning on his way to the Dardanelles on 23 April 1915 http://bit.ly/VFKLwb

William Wordsworth died in Cumberland on 23 April 1850 – read Victorian newspaper tributes to the ‘Poet of Nature’ http://bit.ly/12ubW0U

22 April
Robert Oppenheimer was born on 22 April 1904 – visit the BNA blog to read stories about the ‘father of the atomic bomb’ http://bit.ly/VqxYfM

21 April
Charlotte Bronte, novelist & poet, was born in Thornton on 21 April 1816 – read 19thC newspaper stories about ‘C. Bell’ http://bit.ly/YNpXyi

20 April
Bram Stoker, the Dublin author who wrote ‘Dracula’, died on 20 April 1912 – read old newspaper stories about Stoker http://bit.ly/WS0utS

19 April
Charles Darwin died on 19 April 1882 – read 19th Century newspaper stories about his life and work http://bit.ly/VFH0a9

18 April
On 18 April 1906, San Francisco was bit by a massive earthquake – read newspaper stories about the disaster http://bit.ly/YygJsX

17 April
‘In this world, nothing is certain but death and taxes’ – Benjamin Franklin died on 17 April 1790 http://bit.ly/WRYD8m

16 April
The Battle of Culloden took place on 16 April 1746 – read newspaper reports from 1746 that describe the battle http://bit.ly/168Fhx8

15 April
Abraham Lincoln died on 15 April 1865, after being shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theatre in Washington http://bit.ly/Yz5Dmu

RMS Titanic sank on 15 April 1912 – visit the timeline on the BNA homepage to read a FREE news story about the disaster http://bit.ly/NwJfmD

Sir James Clark Ross, the English explorer of the Antarctic, was born in London on 15 April 1800 http://bit.ly/Y1RpZg

14 April
George Frederic Handel died in London on 14 April 1759 – read newspaper tributes from 1959 to the great composer http://bit.ly/WhcapT

13 April
Frederick North (aka Lord North), PM of Great Britain from 1770 to 1882, was born in London on 13 April 1732 http://bit.ly/13n8STu

12 April
Henry Clay, US statesman and founder of the Republican Party, was born in Virginia on 12 April 1777 http://bit.ly/V8Ju0f

11 April
Sir Charles Halle, the pianist and conductor who founded the Halle Orchestra in #Manchester, was born on 11 April 1819 http://bit.ly/Xapr1E

10 April
Joseph Pulitzer, the newspaper owner who founded the Pulitzer Prize, was born in Mako, Hungary, on 10 April 1847 http://bit.ly/13VHNCS

9 April
Isambard Kingdom #Brunel was born on 9 April 1806 – read 19th Century newspaper stories about his life and work http://bit.ly/13VGG64

8 April
Pablo Picasso died at his chateau at Mougins on 8 April 1973 – read newspaper stories about his life and art http://bit.ly/ZA7x74

7 April
Dick Turpin was hanged at York on 7 April 1739 – read newspaper stories from the 1730s about the highwayman http://bit.ly/XanySs

6 April
William Wordsworth became Poet Laureate  on 6 April 1906 – read newspaper reports of his appointment to the post http://bit.ly/WqLLAc

5 April
Spencer Tracy was born in Milwaukee on 5 April 1900 – read historical newspaper stories about his life and acting career http://bit.ly/15PGJUW

4 April
Edward, Prince of Wales, narrowly escaped death on 4 April 1900, when two shots were fired at him by an anarchist in Brussels http://bit.ly/V8Bf4u

3 April
Johannes Brahms died in Vienna on 3 April 1897 – read 19th Century newspaper stories about the great composer http://bit.ly/XFExJ3

The trial of Oscar Wilde began at the Old Bailey on 3 April 1895 – read newspaper reports about the trial http://bit.ly/13j3eSI

2 April
William Holman Hunt, the English painter and member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, was born in ‘London on 2 April 1827 http://bit.ly/Xh9UM6

1 April
Read historical newspaper stories about the history, traditions and folklore of April Fools’ Day http://bit.ly/Z7ALdw

Otto von Bismarck was born in Prussia on 1 April 1815 – read 19th Century newspaper stories about Bismarck http://bit.ly/13mZEXz




31 March
Baa! March…goes out like a lamb! Read historical newspaper stories that contain this cute meteorological phrase http://bit.ly/12oRwWn

30 March
Always chasing Rimbaud – Paul-Marie Verlaine was born in Metz on 30 March 1844 http://bit.ly/UasSFf

29 March
‘The Eighth Wonder of the World! ‘King Kong’ fever swept the UK after its world premiere in London over Easter 1933 http://bit.ly/UsSwGb

28 March
On 28 March 1941, Virginia Woolf committed suicide by drowning herself in the River Ouse http://bit.ly/12KZXqs

27 March
“I am big! It’s the pictures that got small!” Gloria Swanson was born in Chicago on 27 March 1899 http://bit.ly/UneucA

26 March
‘Poetry is what gets lost in translation’ – Robert Frost was born in San Francisco on 26 March 1874 http://bit.ly/XdQPrX

25 March
Bela Bartok, composer and virtuoso pianist, was born in Nagyszentmiklos, Austria-Hungary, on 25 March 1881 http://bit.ly/YvEBe5

AJP Taylor, historian and broadcaster, was born in Birkdale, Lancashire, on 25 March 1906 http://bit.ly/XSFVJf

24 March
Harry Houdini, the magician & escapologist, was born on 24 March 1874 – read amazing stories about Houdini @BNArchive http://bit.ly/H8ijuE

23 March
On 23 March 1918, a giant German gun called Big Bertha’ began shelling Paris from 75 miles away http://bit.ly/VVAL2T

22 March
Thomas Hughes, author of “Tom Brown’s Schooldays”, lawyer and Liberal MP, died on 22 March 1896 for http://bit.ly/Xbskxh

21 March
Read historical newspaper stories about the traditions, customs and legends of the Spring Equinox http://bit.ly/YvCas8

Dead poets’ alert! Robert Southey, England’s Poet Laureate from 1813 to 1843, died on 21 March 1843 http://bit.ly/XDmty9

Luke Howard, the man who named clouds, died in Tottenham, London, on 21 March 1864 http://bit.ly/T9iU7B

20 March
Henrik Ibsen was born in Skien, Norway, on 20 March 1828 – read historical newspaper stories about the playwright http://bit.ly/12KCFRz

19 March
Bicentenary alert! Dr David Livingstone was born in Blantyre, Scotland, on 19 March 1813 http://bit.ly/VYWNN3

Tobias Smollett, writer of satirical novels, was born in Dalquhurn, Scotland, on 19 March 1721 http://bit.ly/ZfkcjB

18 March
‘I have in my hand a piece of paper signed by Mr Hitler’ – Neville Chamberlain was born in Birmingham on 18 March 1869 http://bit.ly/15hLt5t

17 March
Bobby Jones was born in Atlanta on 17 March 1902 – visit the BNA blog to read about him winning The Open in 1926 http://bit.ly/Vluhu4

16 March
Captain Matthew Flinders, the explorer after whom the Flinders River is named, was born in Donington on 16 March 1774 http://bit.ly/XJw7Dj

15 March
‘Beware the Ides of March!’ – read historical newspaper reports that contain this chilling exclamation http://bit.ly/YOrV7U

Read historical news stories in the British Newspaper Archive which include the ominous phrase, ‘the Ides of March’ http://bit.ly/Umtys7

Tsar Nicolas II abdicated on 15 March 1917, thus ending the 300-year-old Romanov dynasty in Russia http://bit.ly/X9QjvW

14 March
‘E = mc2’ alert! Albert Einstein, theoretical physicist and Nobel Prize winner, was born in Ulm on 14 March 1879 http://bit.ly/Y4Zpcn

“Einstein’s Arithmetic” – visit the BNA blog to read about Einstein being dissed by a Berlin Tram Conductor http://bit.ly/X9N2gd

13 March
On 13 March 1881, Tsar Alexander II was assassinated in St Petersburg by the Narodniks http://bit.ly/URuti4

12 March
Vaslav Nijinsky, the virtuoso dancer whose career was cut short by mental illness, was born in Kiev on 12 March 1890 http://bit.ly/YOpGBC

11 March
Sir Henry Tate, the sugar magnate who endowed the Tate Gallery in London, was born in White Coppice on 11 March 1819 http://bit.ly/14LNwhK

10 March
Tamara Karsavina, the ballerina who co-founded the Royal Academy of Dance, was born in St Petersburg on 10 March 1885 http://bit.ly/11kc0jh

9 March
William Cobbett was born on 9 March 1763 – celebrate his birthday by reading “Cobbett’s Weekly Political Register” http://bit.ly/VyJVwX

8 March
Kenneth Grahame, author of ‘The Wind in the Willows’ and Secretary of the Bank of England, was born on 8 March 1859b http://bit.ly/XRRrlU

7 March
Edwin Henry Landseer, English painter & sculptor of the lions in Trafalgar Square, was born in London on 7 March 1802 http://bit.ly/URohqj

6 March
‘Let me count the ways’ – Elizabeth Barrett Browning was born in Coxhoe Hall, County Durham, on 6 March 1806 http://bit.ly/11AGJIa

John Philip Sousa, the American composer of military marches, died in Reading, Pennsylvania, on 6 March 1932 http://bit.ly/XEnqYy

5 March
On 5 March 1926, the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford-on-Avon was destroyed by fire http://bit.ly/WiSfBL

‘Quietly flows the quiet Don’ – Anna Akhmatova died in St Petersburg on 5 Match 1966 http://bit.ly/11AFsRi

On 5 March 1946, Winston Churchill ‘warned that ‘an iron curtain has descended across Europe’ http://bit.ly/UZjK20

4 March
On 4 March 1941, Norwegian Resistance Fighters and British forces launched a raid on the Lofoten Islands http://bit.ly/Xry2Z0

3 March
Beethoven’s ‘Moonlight Sonata’ was published on 3 March 1802 – visit the BNA blog to read a wonderful story about the sonata http://bit.ly/Xrvk5y

Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh on 3 March 1847 – read historical news stories about his life http://bit.ly/13TQIXe

2 March
Kurt Weill, composer and songwriter, was born in Dessau, Germany, on 2 March 1900 http://bit.ly/YgHmpf

1 March
Grr! ‘March comes in like a lion and goes out like a lamb’ – read historical news stories about this famous saying http://bit.ly/Vjl4ys

Frederic Chopin was born in Zelazowa Wola on 1 March 1810 – read 19thC newspaper stories about ‘the poet of the piano’ http://bit.ly/11IQFyV




28 February
On 28 February 1874, Arthur Orton, ‘the Tichborne Claimant’, was found guilty of perjury and sentenced to 14 years in jail http://bit.ly/ULI7Tf

27 February
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, the Russian physiologist famous for co-inventing the ‘conditioned reflex’ concept, died in Leningrad on 27 February 1936 http://bit.ly/ULHrxg

26 February
‘An intelligent hell would be better than a stupid paradise’ – Victor Hugo was born in Besancon on 26 February 1802 http://bit.ly/138Nqis

25 February
Emmeline Pankhurst went on trial in London on 25 February 1913, accused of bombing David Lloyd George’s villa in Surrey http://bit.ly/UoVMNm

24 February
On 24 February 1932 at Daytona Beach, Malcolm Campbell reached 253mph, thus breaking his own land speed record http://bit.ly/WrQy3n

On 24 February 1920, Nancy Astor became the first woman MP to speak in the UK’s House of Commons http://bit.ly/UORu5s

23 February
On 23 February 1898, Emile Zola is imprisoned for the publication of his famous letter, “J’accuse”, in the French newspapers http://bit.ly/VAqaYq

Johann Hoch, the ‘Chicago Bluebeard’ who murdered six of his 13 wives, was executed on 23 February 1906 http://bit.ly/UoCLQu

22 February
‘Be Prepared’ – Sir Robert Baden-Powell, hero of Mafeking, was born in London on 22 February 1857 http://bit.ly/RwVwyO

In Lhasa in Tibet on 22 February 1940, the six-year old Tenzin Gyatso was enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama http://bit.ly/UOPpXb

‘The Great Blondin’ died on 22 February 1897 – visit the BNA blog to read about his tightrope-walk over Niagara Falls in 1859 http://bit.ly/VwoIGz

21 February
John Henry Newman, the English cardinal famous for his theological & philosophical writings, was born in London on 21 February 1801 http://bit.ly/134WAN9

20 February
Dame Marie Rambert, the Russian/Polish/Jewish ballerina who was a massive influence on ballet in the UK, was born in Warsaw on 20 February 1888 http://bit.ly/VjFOFu

19 February
On 19 February 1855, bread riots took place in Liverpool http://bit.ly/Ur3DtP

On 19 February 1942, the Australian city of Darwin was bombed by Japanese aircraft http://bit.ly/Ww4vh0

18 February
James ‘Gentleman Jim’ Corbett, American prize-fighter and world champion from 1892 to 1897, died on 18 February 1933 http://bit.ly/Wf8KNn

17 February
On 17 February 1880, Tsar Alexander II escaped an assassination attempt, when a bomb exploded at the Winter Palace http://bit.ly/Wf4cXc

16 February
On 16 February 1945, US forces led by General MacArthur captured Bataan in the Philippines http://bit.ly/12ZmZNd

15 February
On 15 February 1942, Singapore fell to Japanese forces, who captured thousands of Allied troops http://bit.ly/X17v6V

14 February
On 14 February 1933, the Oxford Union declared they would not fight for ‘King and Country’ http://bit.ly/UImEeM

On 14 February 1779, Captain James Cook was killed by natives in Hawaii – read 18thC newspaper tributes to the famous explorer http://bit.ly/WezZYu

13 February
On 13 February 1935, Bruno Hauptmann was found guilty of kidnapping and murdering the baby son of Charles Lindbergh http://bit.ly/134fcN6

12 February
From log cabin to White House – Abraham Lincoln was born in Hodgenville on 12 February 1809 http://bit.ly/10Oc4q6

11 February
Thomas Edison was born in Milan (Ohio) on 11 February 1847 – visit the BNA blog to read about the demo of his phonograph http://bit.ly/UtGxFR

10 February
Boris Pasternak, author of ‘Dr Zhivago’ and Nobel Prize winner, was born in Moscow on 10 February 1890 http://bit.ly/ZbBGww

‘Subject, I married him!’ On 10 February 1840, Queen Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha http://bit.ly/VIXR78

9 February
Mrs Patrick Campbell, the English actress who enjoyed a close relationship with George Bernard Shaw, was born in London on 9 February 1865 http://bit.ly/VQN1ei

8 February
Richard Southwell Bourke, the 6th Earl of Mayo and Viceroy to India, was assassinated in Port Blair on 8 February 1872 http://bit.ly/X7Zgdd

7 February
Dr Alfred Adler, the Austrian psychoanalyst who introduced the concept of ‘the inferiority complex’, was born on 7 February 1870 http://bit.ly/WedIKD

Daniel Malan, PM of South Africa from 1948-54 and architect of apartheid, died on 7 February 1959 http://bit.ly/VrTeyj

6 February
Joseph Priestley, the English clergyman and scientist who discovered oxygen, died on 6 February 1804 http://bit.ly/VcPS2V

‘Babe Ruth’ (aka George Herman), the ‘Home Run King’ of American baseball, was born in Baltimore on 6 February 1895 http://bit.ly/VqMtwA

5 February
On 5 February 1945, General MacArthur and US troops entered Manila in the Philippines http://bit.ly/12XUu1i

4 February
Charles Lindbergh, the American aviator who made the first solo crossing of the Atlantic, was born in Detroit on 4 February 1902 http://bit.ly/X6Bcas

3 February
In Paris on 3 February 1919, the League of Nations met for the first time, with Woodrow Wilson chairing proceedings http://bit.ly/WdqHvZ

2 February
“A man’s errors are his portals of discovery” – James Joyce was born in Rathgar on 2 February 1882 http://bit.ly/12XSczc

1 February
“I’m just a lucky slob from Ohio who happened to be in the right place at the right time” – Clark Gable was born in Cadiz on 1 February 1901 http://bit.ly/VwzvOI




31 January
After a 3-month delay, Brunel succeeded in launching ‘The Great Eastern’ (‘Leviathan’) steamship on 31 January 1858 http://bit.ly/12k4NNW

30 January
On 30 January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi, India’s ‘Great Soul’ and prophet of satyagraha, was assassinated in New Delhi http://bit.ly/ZDwK3i

29 January
‘The World is my country, all mankind are my brethren, and to do good is my religion’ – Thomas Paine, born 29.1.1737 http://bit.ly/T3JvAm

28 January
‘The best lack all conviction, while the worst are full of passionate intensity’ – WB Yeats died on 28 January 1938 http://bit.ly/U4datc

27 January
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg on 27 January 1756 – read news stories from the 18thC about Mozart http://bit.ly/SExMKB

26 January
On 26 January 1828, the Duke of Wellington became UK prime minister – read news stories about this historic moment http://bit.ly/U4cpAo

25 January
‘The sweetest hours that e’er I spend, are spent amang the lasses, O’ – Robert Burns was born on 25 January 1759 http://bit.ly/HUUDWO

Read stories about Robert Burns from UK newspapers published in the late 18th Century http://bit.ly/Tr7KXY

Read historical newspaper stories about how Burns Night has been celebrated in the UK over the decades http://bit.ly/SEWQBk

24 January
Lord Randolph Churchill, father of Winston and leader of the Conservative Party, died in London on 24 January 1895 http://bit.ly/WiMbcP

Sir Winston Churchill, ‘the last lion of British politics’ & great wartime leader, died on 24 January 1965, aged 90 http://bit.ly/RnNQjd

23 January
On 23 January 1931, Anna Pavlova, the Russian prima ballerina, died in Holland at the age of 49 http://bit.ly/U6RNZ9

On 23 January 1849, Bristol-born Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to gain a medical degree in the USA http://bit.ly/ZD8RZT

22 January
‘Mad, bad and dangerous to know’ – Lord Byron was born in London on 22 January 1788 http://bit.ly/12vcaRP

After a reign of 64 years, Queen Victoria died at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight on 22 January 1901, aged 81 http://bit.ly/12jMTe3

21 January
‘You say you wanna revolution…’ – V.I. Lenin, the country lawyer who became a revolutionary, died on 21 January 1924 http://bit.ly/UtffwH

20 January
On 20 January 1937, FD Roosevelt took office for a 2nd presidential term, following a resounding electoral victory http://bit.ly/ZcrOUc

19 January
On 19 January 1915, a Zeppelin airship dropped bombs on Great Yarmouth and Kings Lynn, killing over 20 people http://bit.ly/VLgSVA

‘Nevermore, nevermore!’ Edgar Allan Poe was born on 19 January 1808 – read 19thC newspaper stories about his life http://bit.ly/12vaY0I

18 January
Peter Mark Roget, the English doctor who compiled “Roget’s Thesaurus”, was born in London on 18 January 1779 http://bit.ly/R1IFo0

Pooh Sticks alert! AA Milne, the English writer who created ‘Winnie the Pooh’, was born in London on 18 January 1882 http://bit.ly/Xy7TbT

17 January
Alphonse Gabriel ‘Al’ Capone, the American gangster known as ‘Scarface’, was born in New York on 17 January 1899 http://bit.ly/SDSoCG

David Lloyd George, the Liberal politician who was UK prime minister from 1916 to 1922, was born on 17 January 1863 http://bit.ly/UCiP74

16 January
Andre Michelin, the French industrialist who manufactured rubber tyres, was born on 16 January 1853 http://bit.ly/Rzi2Z6

Carole Lombard died in an air crash on 16 January 1942 – visit the BNA blog to read a newspaper report on the tragedy http://bit.ly/U0A9Wt


15 January
40 people drowned in Regent’s Park on 15 January 1867, when the ice on the boating lake gave way http://bit.ly/Uj4L0V

Lady Hamilton, the former mistress of Lord Nelson, died in poverty in Calais on 15 January 1815 http://bit.ly/UrTHRm

14 January
On 14 January 1878, Alexander Graham Bell gave Queen Victoria a demonstration of how the telephone worked http://bit.ly/127cRR0

13 January
“J’accuse” – Emile Zola stunned Paris and France with his open letter on the Dreyfus case on 13 January 1898 http://bit.ly/YUN4fY

12 January
‘The Lady Vanishes’ – Agatha Christie, ‘Queen of Crime’, died on 12 January 1976, without explaining her ‘lost weekend’ http://bit.ly/VsgECy

11 January
Ezra Cornell, founder of Cornell University, was born in New York on 11 January 1807 http://bit.ly/YJsjoG

On 11 January 1898, Major Esterhazy was wrongly acquitted of forging the documents used to charge Alfred Dreyfus http://bit.ly/Uj0AlS

10 January
Colonel Samuel Colt, the American gunsmith who invented the Colt Revolver, died of gout on 10 January 1862, aged 47 http://bit.ly/QMRqCg

9 January
Dr Rudolf Bing, the conductor who founded the #Edinburgh Festival, was born in Vienna on 9 January 1902 http://bit.ly/VOKjZ2

‘Quem di diligunt adulescens moritur’ – Katherine Mansfield, the short story writer, died of TB on 9 January 1923 http://bit.ly/SLghWX

8 January
Wilkie Collins, the English novelist, playwright and short story writer, was born in #London on 8 January 1824 http://bit.ly/QMOKVn

7 January
On 7 January 1785, Jean-Pierre Blanchard & Dr John Jeffries crossed the English Channel in a hot air balloon http://bit.ly/SSr5ku

Nikola Tesla, the Serbian-American engineer who developed the alternating current (AC), died in Manhattan on 7 January http://bit.ly/UiVqpX

6 January
Frances Burney, the English novelist, diarist & friend of Dr Johnson, died in Bath on 6 January 1840, aged 87 http://bit.ly/11QZchI

5 January
‘There’s something nasty in the woodshed!’ Stella Gibbons was born on ‘Cold Comfort Farm’ on 5 January 1902 http://bit.ly/YJ1Wza

4 January
Louis Braille, inventor of the alphabet system for the blind, was born in Coupvray on 4 January 1809 http://bit.ly/QMLSYq

3 January
JRR Tolkien, author of ‘The Hobbit’ & ‘Lord of the Rings, was born in Bloemfontein on 3 January 1892 http://bit.ly/VnZFBU

‘Worker of the Month’ alert! Alexey Stakhanov was born on 3 January 1906 – read stories about the #Stakhanov Movement http://bit.ly/HUyWZn

2 January
Manila fell to Japanese forces on 2 January 1942, as US General Douglas MacArthur started evacuating the Philipines http://bit.ly/VOlNYe



1 January
On 1 January 1892, the new immigrant depot opened at Ellis Island in New York http://bit.ly/RYcxRv

On 1 January 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation for all slaves who lived in the southern states http://bit.ly/Wg6RR3

31 December
On 31 December 1869, Henri Matisse was born in Le Cateau-Cambresis – read historical newspaper stories about his art http://bit.ly/U7ycpk

Charles Edward Stuart (aka ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’ and ‘The Young Pretender’) was born in Rome on 31 December 1720 http://bit.ly/Wg8GO2

Celebrate Hogmanay by reading old newspaper articles about the origins of the ancient festival of New Year’s Eve http://bit.ly/TT8sfH

30 December
‘And rode madly off in all directions!’ The English-Canadian humourist, Stephen Leacock, was born on 30 December 1869 http://bit.ly/ZWldtM

29 December
HMS Warrior was launched in London on 29 December 1860 – ‘a black vicious ugly customer as ever I saw’, wrote Dickens http://bit.ly/SQWG4B

28 December
Part of the Tay Bridge collapsed during a storm on 28 December 1879: read a story on the BNA timeline about the tragedy http://bit.ly/NwJfmD

27 December
Louis Pasteur was born in Dole on 27 December 1822 – read historical newspaper stories about his life and research http://bit.ly/TRRb6X

26 December
On 26 December 1900, the relief crew at Flannan Isles Lighthouse discovered the previous crew had completely vanished http://bit.ly/WduUF7

25 December
On 25 December 1914, an impromptu truce took place on the Western Front, as soldiers celebrated Christmas Day together http://bit.ly/UNIF7I

24 December
Body-snatching alert! On 24 December 1828, William Burke went on trial in Edinburgh accused of murder http://bit.ly/XLuxSK

William Makepeace Thackeray, author of ‘Vanity Fair’, died on 24 December 1863, aged only 52 http://bit.ly/TRJvl7

23 December
Self-help alert! Samuel Smiles, author of the world’s first self-help books, was born in Scotland on 23 December 1812 http://bit.ly/SvNh1R

22 December
‘Blessed is the influence of one true, loving human soul on another’ –  George Eliot died on 22 December 1880 http://bit.ly/RWpBGY

21 December
General George ‘Blood and Guts’ Patton died on 21 December 1945, following a car crash http://bit.ly/SPfCR9

20 December
John Steinbeck, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962, died on 20 December 1968 http://bit.ly/TLGvGL

19 December
‘Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same’ – Emily Bronte died on 18 December 1848 http://bit.ly/TLEeeL

18 December
Betty Grable, the actress who was a forces’ sweetheart during WW2, was born in St Louis on 18 December 1916 http://bit.ly/SP9QyV

17 December
The German battleship, ‘Graf Spee’, was scuttled in the River Plate, off Montevideo, on 17 December 1939 http://bit.ly/S0sc1a

16 December
Glenn Miller, the American bandleader, was presumed dead on 16 December 1944, after his plane vanished over the Channel http://bit.ly/XJ2uTV

‘Mad about the Boy’ – Sir Noel Coward was born in Teddington, Middlesex, on 16 December 1899 http://bit.ly/PWBXyZ


15 December
Charles Laughton, the English actor famous for playing Captain William Bligh and Quasimodo, died on 15 December 1962 http://bit.ly/RuUile

14 December
Prince Albert, the consort, husband and soulmate of Queen Victoria, died of typhoid on 14 December 1861 http://bit.ly/UhGZmh

13 December
‘Grandma Moses’, the famous American primitive painter, died on 13 December 1961, aged 101 http://bit.ly/RNjrcf

‘Where they burn books, they will ultimately burn people also’ – Heinrich Heine was born on 13 December 1797 http://bit.ly/ZpxXsB

12 December
Writer of hot books alert! Gustave Flaubert was born in Rouen on 12 December – read 19thC news stories about his life http://bit.ly/SYtKLg

11 December
King Edward VIII abdicated the UK throne on 11 December 1936, so he could marry Mrs Wallis Simpson http://bit.ly/TpRUwa

10 December
The first #Nobel Prizes were awarded in Oslo/Stockholm on 10 December 1901, with Dunant & Passy sharing the Peace Prize http://bit.ly/TA3rX3

9 December
‘Still falls the rain’ – Edith Sitwell, poet and brother of Sacheverell, died on 9 December 1964 http://bit.ly/Z9Iw3P

8 December
Herbert Spencer, the English philosopher who coined the phrase, ‘survival of the fittest’, died on 8 December 1903 http://bit.ly/SbWOLf

7 December
On 7 December 1941, a Japanese task force attacked the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii http://bit.ly/PNALhv

6 December
The Irish Free State was born on 6 December 1921, as Ireland’s 26 southern states gained independence from the UK http://bit.ly/UwhaoJ

5 December
‘The Noble Experiment’ of banning alcohol in the US ended on 5 December 1933, as Utah voted to reopen its bars http://bit.ly/ZnZnz3

4 December
‘Erewhon Nam’ – Samuel Butler, novelist, satirist & uber-neologist, was born in Langar on 4 December 1835 http://bit.ly/RuaT8I

3 December
‘Heart of Darkness’ alert! Joseph Conrad was born in Berdychiv on 3 December 1857 http://bit.ly/Qyk5f4

2 December
‘But his soul goes marching on…’ – John Brown was hanged for treason in Charleston on 2 December 1859 http://bit.ly/Uh23ta

1 December
On 1 December 1918, the Danish Parliament passed an act granting Iceland its independence http://bit.ly/TzEVp4 #history #onthisday

On 1 December 1921, Henri Desire Landru was found guilty of murdering ten women he met via newspaper lonely hearts ads http://bit.ly/WTa3Ii



30 November
Read historical newspaper stories about how St Andrew’s Day was celebrated in previous years http://bit.ly/TrOuXn

29 November
Louisa Alcott, author of ‘Little Women, was born on 29 November 1832 – read stories about her life & writing http://bit.ly/RtzNUc #writers

28 November
‘To see the world in a grain of sand / And a heaven in a wild flower’ – William Blake was born on 28 November 1757 http://bit.ly/WnPssI

27 November
Totally random tweet alert! A giant meteor landed in Lake Michigan on 27 November 1919 http://bit.ly/R6BMz8

26 November
On 26 November 1922, Howard Carter & Lord Caernavon peeked into Tutankhamun’s Tomb and glimpsed the treasure by candlelight http://bit.ly/SXRFph

25 November
Andrew Carnegie, the Scots-American industrialist and philanthropist, was born in #Dunfermline on 25 November 1835 http://bit.ly/T2vLrf

24 November
Grace Darling was born at Bamburgh on 24 November 1815 – read stories from historical newspapers about her heroism http://bit.ly/SUbyC5



23 November
President Harding signed the Anti-Medical Beer Bill on 23 November 1921, stopping doctors from prescribing beer http://bit.ly/UZSK1M

22 November
Sir Arthur Sullivan died on 22 November 1900 – read 19th Century newspaper stories about his life & music http://bit.ly/Rpesen

21 November
A hot air balloon built by the Montgolfier brothers made the first untethered flight in #history on 21 November 1783 http://bit.ly/T2r94c

20 November
Royal wedding anniversary alert! Princess Elizabeth married Philip Mountbatten in Westminster Abbey on 20 November 1947 http://bit.ly/QZflNN

Leo Tolstoy died of pneumonia at Astopovo Railway Station on 20 November 1910 http://bit.ly/Rp8tWZ

19 November
The British steamer, ‘Hilda’, was wrecked off St Malo on 19 November 1905, with the loss of 128 lives http://bit.ly/QZflNN

18 November
On 18 November 1910, 5,000 policemen clashed with 300 suffragettes in a day that became known as ‘Black Friday’ http://bit.ly/RoZi8S

17 November
The small steamer, ‘Louise’, became the first ship to sail through the Panama Canal on 17 November 1913 http://bit.ly/R5KLjW

On 17 November 1913, Kaiser Wilhelm II banned his armed forces from dancing the tango http://bit.ly/SU2g9c



16 November
In Breslau on 16 November 1900, a woman threw an axe at Kaiser Wilhem II – learn more about this incident http://bit.ly/QBMBbw


15 November
On 15 November 1901, Miller Reese Hutchison patented his invention of an electrical hearing aid http://bit.ly/P2pn2d


14 November
Claude Monet was born in Paris on 14 November 1840; read historical newspaper stories on his life & #art http://bit.ly/RIiWh8


13 November
‘Wine is bottled poetry’ – Robert Louis Stevenson was born in Edinburgh on 13 November 1850 http://bit.ly/RoRN1O


12 November
Auguste Rodin was born in Paris on 12 November 1840 – read stories about his life and #art http://bit.ly/T2c7LP
11 November
The Armistice came into effect at 11am on 11 November 1918, thus ending World War One http://bit.ly/OtE6l2


10 November
‘Straight lines vary only in length, and therefore are least ornamental’ – William Hogarth was born on 10 November 1697 http://bit.ly/QVUGdt


9 November
‘Rage, rage against the dying of the light’ – Dylan Thomas died on 9 November 1953 http://bit.ly/RCxBKs


8 November
‘Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heaven’: John Milton died on 8 November 1674 http://bit.ly/X0XAP9


7 November
The ‘golden spike’ in the Canadian-Pacific Railway was finally driven at Craigellachie on 7 November 1885 http://bit.ly/QVOTEN



6 November
Adolphe Sax, the Belgian famous for inventing the musical instrument that bears his name, was born on 6 November 1814 http://bit.ly/RCmgdC


5 November
Guy Fawkes, one of the few people to have entered Westminster with a rational idea, was arrested on 5 November 1605 http://bit.ly/Tc9SQK

‘Remember, remember, the 5th of November’ – visit @BNArchive to read 19thC newspaper stories about ‘Bonfire Night’ http://bit.ly/RlrdXI

Read the speech made to parliament by King James I (or VI) after the discovery of ‘The Gunpowder Plot’ http://bit.ly/QpQz6Z


4 November
On 4 November 1931, Mahatma Gandhi visited Buckingham Palace to take tea with King George V http://bit.ly/RTtOuo


3 November
General Ulysses S. Grant (aka ‘Unconditional Surrender Grant’) was elected President of the United States on 3 November 1868 http://bit.ly/Rh4eNb


2 November
Daniel Boone, the frontiersman who was adopted as a son by the Shawnee Chief, ‘Blackfish’, was born on 2 November 1734 http://bit.ly/SUWWhp

1 November

‘Matchstick men and matchstick cats and dogs’- LS Lowry was born in Stretford on 1 November 1887 http://bit.ly/UVbVtt

Spencer Perceval, the UK Prime Minister assassinated in the House of Commons in 1812, was born on 1 November 1762 http://bit.ly/VZmfpt


31 October
Boo!…Boo, again! Celebrate Hallowe’en by reading reports from early 18th Century newspapers about witchcraft http://bit.ly/R7Jjz3

‘Please park all brooms at the door’ – visit @BNArchive to read historical newspaper stories about Halloween http://bit.ly/TGkcWl

Celebrate “All Hallows’ Eve” by reading about how #Halloween was celebrated in the early 19th Century http://bit.ly/UQGzdg

Halloween baby alert – John Keats, 1795! Read Hallowe’en stories from newspapers published in the 1820s http://bit.ly/SRG2ob

‘I could be martyred for my religion. Love is my religion – I could die for that.’ John Keats, born 31 October 1795 http://bit.ly/SEUpID

Helen Duncan was the last person imprisoned under the Witchcraft Act – read newspaper reports from 1944 about the trial http://bit.ly/Ud5c2n



30 October
On 30 October 1938, Orson Welles created mass panic in the USA with his radio broadcast of ‘The War of the Worlds’ http://bit.ly/T1xjB8

29 October

On 29 October 1914, Prince Louis of Battenberg resigned from his post as First Sea Lord due to his German origins http://bit.ly/SxXE8m

‘We must take our friends as they are’ – James Boswell was born in Edinburgh on 29 October 1740 http://bit.ly/Rckwaw



28 October
On 28 October 1886, the Statue of Liberty was unveiled in New York by President Grover Cleveland http://bit.ly/Uchmth


27 October
Niccolo Paganini, the genius violinist alleged to have made a Faustian pact with the devil, was born on 27 October 1782 http://bit.ly/QXE3uX


26 October
Jackie Coogan, the child actor who starred with Charlie Chaplin in ‘The Kid’, was born in Los Angeles on 26 October 1914 http://bit.ly/SxUIbK



25 October
The Charge of the Light Brigade took place on 25 October 1854 – read historical newspaper accounts of the battle http://bit.ly/Qro7SW


24 October
Al Capone was found guilty of tax evasion on 24 October 1931 – read historical newspaper stories about the trial http://bit.ly/SEz0PK


23 Oct
Al Jolson, jazz singer and star of the first ‘talkie’, died on 23 October 1950 – read stories about his life & #music http://bit.ly/SCAN7j


22 October
Sarah Bernhardt (‘the Divine Sarah’), the French actress who achieved worldwide fame, was born on 22 October 1844 http://bit.ly/RcaxC5

Charles Arthur ‘Pretty Boy’ Floyd, aka ‘Public Enemy Number 1’, was killed by FBI agents on 22 October 1934 http://bit.ly/Sp7bjO
21 October
Alfred Nobel, the Swedish chemist who invented dynamite & also founded the Nobel Prize, was born on 21 October 1833 http://bit.ly/OD7ua3



20 October
Bela Lugosi, the Hungarian actor who became a star of horror films in Hollywood, was born in Lugos on 20 October 1882 http://bit.ly/T0W0IE


19 October
Auguste Lumiere, co-inventor of the motion picture camera & projector, was born in Besancon on 19 October 1862 http://bit.ly/QOYEou

George Mortimer Pullman, the American industrialist and inventor of the Pullman sleeping car, died on 19 October 1897 http://bit.ly/QFeT3U
18 October
The trial of Dr Hawley Harvard Crippen began at the Old Bailey on 18 October 1910 http://bit.ly/QdlF47



17 October
Frederic Chopin, ‘the poet of the piano’, died of tuberculosis in Paris on 17 October 1849 http://bit.ly/OlFc3x


16 October
‘We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.’ Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin on 16 October 1854 http://bit.ly/UKwAU1

15 October

‘That which does not kill us makes us stronger.’ Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Rocken-bei-Lutzen on 15 October 1844 http://bit.ly/UrmEM8

14 October

439 miners died in an explosion at the Universal Colliery in Senghenydd, #Wales, on 14 October 1913 http://bit.ly/VxdmAu


13 October
Lillie Langtry, music hall star & close friend of Edward VII when he was Prince of Wales, was born on 13 October 1853 http://bit.ly/QPm3TO


12 October
‘Patriotism is not enough, I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone.’ Edith Cavell: 12 October 1915 http://bit.ly/SlpLTW

Elizabeth Fry, the English social and prison reformer who was nicknamed the ‘angel of prisons’, died on 12 October 1845 http://bit.ly/PB5lbr

11 October
“I wasn’t kissing her, I was whispering in her mouth.” Chico Marx died on 11 October 1961 http://bit.ly/OP92gM

10 October
Giuseppe Verdi was born in the village of Le Roncole on 10 October 1813 – read 19thC newspaper stories about his life http://bit.ly/UoRt6Q


9 October
Camille Saint-Saens was born in Paris on 9 October 1835 – read historical newspaper stories about his life and music http://bit.ly/OEYz7D

8 October
Kathleen Ferrier, the English contralto, died from cancer on 8 October 1953, aged only 41 http://bit.ly/SBjF2a


7 October
‘Nevermore!’ Edgar Allan Poe died in Baltimore on 7 October 1849, in circumstances that have never been fully explained http://bit.ly/OZIzsI

6 October

Jenny Lind, the soprano who was nicknamed ‘the Swedish Nightingale’, was born in Stockholm on 6 October 1820 http://bit.ly/OZGpZT



5 October
On 5 October 1930,the R-101 airship crashed in a wood near Beauvais in France, killing 48 passengers http://bit.ly/S4K5bO

The ‘Jarrow Crusade’ began on 5 October 1936, as 200 marchers left Tyneside and started their journey to London http://bit.ly/PH1tE9  


4 October
Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, the French sculptor who created the Statue of Liberty, died on 4 October 1904 http://bit.ly/PSqEH9

3 October

Eleonora Duse, the muse who inspired D’Annunzio’s to write the play, ‘La Gioconda’, was born on 3 October 1858 http://bit.ly/UnKvz9

William Morris, leader of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and the English Arts & Crafts Movement, died on 3 October 1896 http://bit.ly/UcebR9



2 October
Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar on 2 October 1869 – read historical newspaper stories about his life and politics http://bit.ly/QYZU9G

On 2 October 1897, Henry Sturmey attempted to become the first person to drive from John o’ Groats to Land’s End http://bit.ly/RtIiDc

1 October
On 1 October 1918, a combined British and Arab force captured Damascus from Turkish troops http://bit.ly/Piv73R

30 September

Neville Chamberlain returned from Munich on 30 September 1938 and declared, ‘I believe it is peace for our time’ http://bit.ly/R4nsEO


29 September
Emile Zola accidentally died of carbon monoxide poisoning in his home on 29 September 1902 – read about his life & writing http://bit.ly/Q8JsyW


28 September
‘Call me Ishmael’: Herman Melville died on 28 September 1891 – read stories about his life and writing http://bit.ly/OoaS2h



27 September
On 27 September 1888, the Central News Agency received a letter signed ‘Jack the Ripper’ – read this chilling letter http://bit.ly/OME3gT


26 September
‘Let us go then, you and I’ – cat lover and poet, TS Eliot, was born in St Louis on 26 September 1888 http://bit.ly/QYFopH

“They’re writing songs of love, but not for me” – George Gershwin was born in New York on 26 September 1898 http://bit.ly/USSIdV


25 September
‘All Quiet on the Western Front’: Erich Maria Remarque died on 25 September 1970 – read about his life and writing http://bit.ly/Nsbg3Z


24 September
On 24 September 1940, King George VI instituted a new medal to reward acts of courage by civilians – the George Cross http://bit.ly/Ofx8v7

Read a newspaper obituary for Branwell Bronte, who died on 24 September 1848 http://bit.ly/SNDinK


23 September
On 23 September 1905, Norway and Sweden signed the ‘Karlstad Treaty’, dissolving the union between the two countries http://bit.ly/NZ5Lvi


22 September
Christabel Pankhurst, suffragette and daughter of Emmeline, was born in Manchester on 22 September 1880 http://bit.ly/TJACgs


21 September
HG Wells was born in Bromley on 21 September 1866 – read historical newspaper reports about his life and writing http://bit.ly/NZ3sIK


20 September
George Robey, the musical hall comedian known as ‘The Prime Minister of Mirth’, was born in London on 20 September 1869 http://bit.ly/SDz9sD


19 September
Dr Thomas John Barnardo, the founder of the Dr Barnardo’s homes for children, died on 19 September 1905 http://bit.ly/SaTbUM

On 19 September 1931, the UK abandoned the gold standard, devaluing the pound by almost a third http://bit.ly/QIuBjk

18 September

On 18 September 1911, the Russian premier, Pyotr Stolypin,  was assassinated while attending the opera in Kiev http://bit.ly/OpBDJx

Greta Garbo was born in Stockholm on 18 September 1905 – read historical news stories about her life and movies http://bit.ly/OFVcJ9

17 September

The first aircraft death occurred on 17 September 1908, when Thomas Selfridge died in a crash in Orville Wright’s plane http://bit.ly/PhNcxo

16 September
As Napoleon reached the gates, the Fire of Moscow began on 16 September 1812, destroying three quarters of the city http://bit.ly/SFi0xr


15 September
Erich Kempka, Adolf Hitler’s chauffeur, was born in Oberhausen on 15 September 1910 – read about his WW2 stories http://bit.ly/NvMBHb


14 September
The Duke of Wellington died on 14 September 1852 – read historical newspaper reports about the  reaction to his death http://bit.ly/Tf6Dbx

On 14 September 1901, Theodore Roosevelt became the youngest ever president of the USA http://bit.ly/PHppdA

13 September
Milton Hershey, the American chocolatier who built the world’s biggest chocolate factory, was born on 13 September 1857 http://bit.ly/NPLwji

On 13 September 1759, General James Wolfe died while leading his troops to victory at the Battle of Quebec http://bit.ly/SETjkU

12 September
Herbert Henry Asquith, the British PM who introduced old age pensions, was born in Morley on 12 September 1852 http://bit.ly/Nq8SfA

On 12 September 1936, Fred Perry became the first non-American to win the US Open http://bit.ly/RmOiM6


11 September
English novelist, DH Lawrence, was born in Eastwood on 11 September 1885 – read old news stories about his life http://bit.ly/Nq8Ow9


10 September
On 10 September 1940, Buckingham Palace was damaged when the Luftwaffe dropped several bombs on it http://bit.ly/NwH57c


9 September
Leo Tolstoy, author of ‘War and Peace’, was born in the Tula region of Russia on 9 September 1828 http://bit.ly/NyYbHh


8 September
On 8 September 1888, the first #football matches in the newly-formed English League were played http://bit.ly/Nd4k67


7 September
Marie Curie isolated pure radium metal on 7.9.1910 – visit the BNA blog to read stories about her discovery http://bit.ly/19ootm3

RMS Lusitania set sail on its maiden voyage from #Liverpool on 7 September, bound for New York http://bit.ly/Pxi6CD

‘The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our time’. Edward Grey died on 7 September 1933 http://bit.ly/Ru0Cwe


6 September
On 6 September 1901, President William McKinley was shot and fatally wounded by Leon Czolgosz in Buffalo, New York http://bit.ly/S8YLKY


5 September
On 5 September 1921, Roscoe ‘Fatty’ Arbuckle was accused of murder, following the death of actress, Virginia Rappe http://bit.ly/OqEcaC

John Wisden, cricketer, writer and publisher, was born in #Brighton on 5 September 1826 http://bit.ly/NTxUhH

On 5 September 1936, Beryl Markham became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic http://bit.ly/Nd3dDj



4 September
On 4 September, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicated in favour of her daughter, Juliana http://bit.ly/NPBdYT

Norwegian composer, Dr Edvard Grieg, died in Bergen on 4 September 1907 http://bit.ly/Raahpt


3 September
On 3 September 1939, Britain declared war on Nazi Germany – read historic newspaper reports of the declaration http://bit.ly/NxYnSN

Dieudonne Costes & Maurice Belltonte made the first non-stop flight from Paris to New York on 3 September 1930 http://bit.ly/NTJE7d


2 September
Thomas Telford, the Scottish civil engineer, architect and road/bridge/canal builder, died on 2 September http://bit.ly/PxhJbj

On 2 September 1945, Japan formally surrendered to the Allies aboard the USS Missouri in Toyko Bay http://bit.ly/QPu617

1 September
Helen Keller graduated with honours at Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachussetts, on 1 September 1904 http://bit.ly/MFqlyY

On 1 September 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland – read historical newspaper reports of the invasion http://bit.ly/Rtdnr6


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