Historic headlines: Great Britain joins World War Two on 3 September 1939

Posted on September 2nd, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

Not only does 2014 mark the 100th anniversary of World War One, it is also the 75th anniversary of the start of World War Two.

 

Newspaper headlines from the beginning of WW2

Britain declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939, following Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland on 1 September.
 

Search newspapers from World War Two
 

Take a look at the newspaper headlines from Sunday 3 September, announcing that Britain was at war once more.

The Nottingham Evening Post announces the start of WW2

Nottingham Evening Post – Sunday 03 September 1939
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The Derby Daily Telegraph announces the start of WW2

Derby Daily Telegraph – Sunday 03 September 1939
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The Gloucester Citizen announces the start of WW2

Gloucester Citizen – Sunday 03 September 1939
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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Portsmouth Evening News prints WW2 pictures

Alongside the newspaper’s announcement that Britain was at war with Germany, the Portsmouth Evening News also printed pictures from the first day of World War Two.
 

The Portsmouth Evening News prints WW2 pictures on the first day of World War Two

Portsmouth Evening News – Sunday 03 September 1939
Image © Johnston Press plc. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The Portsmouth Evening News announces the start of WW2

Portsmouth Evening News – Sunday 03 September 1939
Image © Johnston Press plc. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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Read more articles from 3 September 1939

 

How to reproduce images from The British Newspaper Archive

You are welcome to share newspaper snippets on your own website, blog and on social media websites.

Please make sure you mention that the image has come from www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk and also include the image’s copyright reference.

If you have a question about sharing images from The British Newspaper Archive or would like to use them for a commercial purpose, please get in touch with us by emailing press@britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk

 

Lady Harberton, cycling and the ‘Rationals’ scandal

Posted on August 28th, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

Michelle Higgs, author of A Visitor’s Guide to Victorian Michelle Higgs England, has uncovered lots of fascinating stories by searching our historical newspapers.

She got in touch to tell us about Lady Florence Harberton and her fight for Victorian women’s freedom to wear practical clothing.

 

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It might surprise you to know that until the 1870s, it was rare to see unaccompanied middle or upper-class women walking in the streets. This was because they ran the risk of being mistaken for prostitutes, so Britain’s towns and cities were a no-go area for the respectable.

A Victorian woman in Rational clothingGradually, the look of the streets changed and by the 1880s and 1890s, it was far more common to see unmarried women and girls shopping or eating out, using omnibuses and trains, or taking part in the new craze of cycling.

Victorian women and the bicycle

Bicycles helped to cement and extend women’s new-found freedom. Their clothing, made up of cumbersome long skirts and tight corsets, was however completely impractical for cycling.

The Rational Dress Society, founded in 1881, campaigned against tightly-fitted corsets, high-heeled or narrow-toed boots and shoes, and heavily weighted skirts which rendered healthy exercise almost impossible.

Victorian ‘Rational’ dress for cycling

The Society advocated divided skirts as a more practical form of clothing, but its President and co-founder, Lady Florence Harberton, went further.

When cycling, she wore full ‘Rational’ dress, which was a shorter skirt worn over voluminous trousers (‘knickerbockers’).

It was not widely adopted because of the ridicule the wearer had to endure from the public. Female cyclists frequently chose to wear divided skirts or shorter skirts with breeches underneath instead.
 

The Birmingham Daily Post describes the Rational Dress Society in 1881.

Birmingham Daily Post – Friday 27 May 1881
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Lady Florence Harberton and the Rationals scandal

In 1899, Lady Harberton brought a court case against a hotel landlady after she was refused entry to the public coffee room because she was wearing her ‘Rationals’.

According to the Liverpool Mercury, the landlady ‘thought it was best in the interests of the good order in her house that ladies wearing rational costumes should not be admitted into the public room, which would be crowded with men of all sorts, some of whom would make jokes at the expense of the lady as to the size of her ankle’.
 

The Pall Mall Gazette reported Lady Harberton's court case in 1899

Pall Mall Gazette - Wednesday 05 April 1899
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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In the end, the case was dismissed. In his book BBC Scrap-Books Volume 1 1896-1914, Leslie Baily states that following the court case, Lady Harberton commented:

‘I admit that it is probably certain that women will never ordinarily wear knickerbockers. But mark this – short skirts for walking-wear will be a boon that ought to be easily attained, and once attained, cherished like Magna Carta in the British Constitution’.

How right she was!
 

The Western Times reported that the Rationals court case had been dismissed.

Western Times - Friday 07 April 1899
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Lady Harberton’s obituary in the Evening Telegraph

Lady Florence Harberton died in 1911. She was remembered in her obituary as ‘the enthusiastic and undaunted advocate of dress reform’.
 

Lady Florence Harberton's obituary in the Evening Telegraph

Evening Telegraph - Wednesday 03 May 1911
Image © D.C.Thomson & Co. Ltd. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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Michelle has written another blog for The British Newspaper Archive about her discoveries. Learn about the case of the poisonous Bath buns

You can buy a copy of A Visitor’s Guide to Victorian England by Michelle Higgs from Pen & Sword Books.

 

160,000 newspaper pages added from 1787-1954

Posted on August 13th, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

Thousands of English, Northern Irish, Scottish and Welsh newspaper pages were added to The British Newspaper Archive in July. We hope you’ll enjoy exploring them!

 

Search the newspapers

 

Eight extra newspaper titles

You’ll now find copies of eight brand new newspaper titles at The British Newspaper Archive, including the London Evening Standard, Glasgow’s Daily Record and the Surrey Comet.

 

Learn more about the new titles

 

Thousands of new articles, adverts and illustrations to explore

The Gloucester Journal, Motherwell Times, Southern Reporter and 40 other newspaper titles were also updated this month.

You’ll find a full list of recent additions below.

 

The Surrey Comet's newspaper archives are online at The British Newspaper Archive

 

Aberdeen Journal – 1897

Biggleswade Chronicle – 1912

Birmingham Daily Mail – 1918

Coventry Herald – 1877, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1889

Daily Record – 1914, 1915

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald – 1854

Dundee Advertiser – 1891, 1898

Durham County Advertiser – 1830

Fife Herald – 1824, 1826, 1883, 1888

Folkestone, Hythe, Sandgate & Cheriton Herald – 1912, 1914, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1923, 1925, 1927

Gloucester Citizen – 1910

Gloucester Journal – 1814, 1815, 1816, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1864, 1877, 1878, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1916, 1921, 1931, 1937, 1938

Grantham Journal – 1935, 1938

Hartlepool Mail – 1891

Hastings and St Leonards Observer – 1890, 1923

Illustrated Times – 1869

Kent & Sussex Courier – 1908

Kentish Gazette – 1870

Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser – 1864

Lancashire Evening Post – 1901, 1903, 1906

Leamington Spa Courier – 1919

Leeds Intelligencer – 1809

Lincolnshire Chronicle – 1910

Lincolnshire Echo – 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939

London Evening Standard – 1860, 1861, 1862, 1866, 1867

Luton News and Bedfordshire Chronicle – 1918, 1954

Luton Times and Advertiser – 1877

Morpeth Herald – 1901

Motherwell Times – 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1916

Newcastle Evening Chronicle – 1915

North Devon Journal – 1835, 1877

Northampton Mercury – 1910

Northern Whig – 1869, 1870

Nottingham Evening Post – 1939

Salisbury and Winchester Journal – 1787

Sheffield Daily Telegraph – 1894

Sheffield Evening Telegraph – 1917

Southern Reporter – 1879, 1885, 1886, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1941, 1942

Staffordshire Sentinel – 1912

Staffordshire Sentinel and Commercial & General Advertiser – 1869

Sunday Post – 1916

Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette – 1921, 1922, 1933

Surrey Comet – 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870

Surrey Mirror – 1927, 1934, 1944, 1949, 1950

Sussex Agricultural Express – 1867, 1888, 1894, 1897, 1928, 1930, 1933, 1937, 1938

Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser – 1847, 1871, 1872, 1873, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1920, 1923

Watford Observer – 1864, 1865, 1867, 1869, 1870

Western Daily Press – 1910, 1912

Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald – 1910, 1911, 1919, 1920

Yorkshire Evening Post – 1916, 1924, 1928, 1935

Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer – 1878, 1883

 

8 new titles, including the London Evening Standard

Posted on August 7th, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

We’re thrilled to report that we’ve just started digitising the newspaper archives of eight new titles. There’s much more to come, but take a look at what’s already available online.

 

1) London Evening Standard

Search the London Evening Standard's newspaper archives

 

11,000 pages from the London Evening Standard are now available to search at The British Newspaper Archive.

Current coverage: 1860, 1861, 1862, 1866, 1867

 

Search the London Evening Standard

 

2) Daily Record

Newspaper archives for Scotland's Daily Record are available at The British Newspaper Archive

 

8,000 pages from Glasgow’s Daily Record are already online, with more editions from the World War One period coming very soon.

Current coverage: 1914, 1915

 

Search the Daily Record

 

3) Surrey Comet

The Surrey Comet's newspaper archives are online at The British Newspaper Archive

 

6,000 pages from the Surrey Comet have already been added to The British Newspaper Archive.

Current coverage: 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870

 

Search the Surrey Comet

 

4) Watford Observer

Watford-Observer

 

1,000 pages from the Watford Observer are currently online at The British Newspaper Archive.

Current coverage: 1864, 1865, 1867, 1869, 1870

 

Search the Watford Observer

 

5) Northern Whig

The Northern Whig's newspaper archives are being added to The British Newspaper Archive

 

2,000 pages from the Northern Whig are already online. The newspaper was printed in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Current coverage: 1869, 1870

 

Search the Northern Whig

 

6) Newcastle Evening Chronicle

Search the archives of the Newcastle Evening Chronicle at The British Newspaper Archive

 

2,000 pages from the Newcastle Evening Chronicle have been made searchable, with more editions from the World War One period coming very soon.

Current coverage: 1915

 

Search the Newcastle Evening Chronicle

 

7) Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser

Search Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser at The British Newspaper Archive

 

200 pages from Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser are now available to search at The British Newspaper Archive.

Current coverage: 1864

 

Search Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser

 

8) Biggleswade Chronicle

 

The Biggleswade Chronicle's newspaper archives are being added to The British Newspaper Archive

 

200 pages from the Biggleswade Chronicle have already been added to The British Newspaper Archive.

Current coverage: 1912

 

Search the Biggleswade Chronicle

 

The Manchester Courier takes a different view of World War One

Posted on August 4th, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

The Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, like other British newspapers, reported that Britain joined the First World War on 4 August 1914.

The Courier makes for especially fascinating reading because it reported the news in a very different way.

 

Manchester Courier: ‘Keep your country out of a wicked and stupid war’

Many newspapers included an advert encouraging unmarried men between 18 and 30 years old to join the Army on 5 August 1914.

This example is taken from another title printed in Manchester, the Manchester Evening News.
 
WW1 advert printed in the Manchester Evening News

Manchester Evening News - Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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Instead of including the advert above, however, the Manchester Courier devoted a whole page to an announcement from the Neutrality League.

The announcement encouraged Englishmen to ‘DO YOUR DUTY… keep your Country out of A WICKED and STUPID WAR’.
 
An announcement from the Neutrality League in the Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

View the whole newspaper page 

 

Did Germany declare war on Britain during World War One?

The Manchester Courier also differed in the way it reported the declaration of war. The newspaper stated that Germany declared war on Great Britain at 7pm on 4 August 1914, before Britain’s declaration was made at 11pm.
 
The Manchester Courier reported that Germany had declared war on Britain first during the First World War

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

View the whole newspaper page

 

Read more news from the Manchester Courier

 

Is this the Illustrated Police News’ best illustration?

Posted on August 1st, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

If you’ve ever explored the Illustrated Police News at The British Newspaper Archive, you’ll know it’s full of fantastically melodramatic images and stories.

We think we may have come across our favourite illustration so far.

Victorian ladies attacked by an octopus

This image graced the front page of the Illustrated Police News on Saturday 17 October 1896. It depicts four Victorian ladies attempting to flee from the sweetest-looking octopus we’ve ever seen.

Octopus attack depicted in the Illustrated Police News

Illustrated Police News – Saturday 17 October 1896
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Have you found something better in the Illustrated Police News?

Let us know if you find an illustration that can rival the Victorian octopus. You can post an image or a link in the comments below, or post it on The British Newspaper Archive’s facebook page.

 

Search the Illustrated Police News

 

Historic headlines: Great Britain joins World War One on 4 August 1914

Posted on July 30th, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

Following an ultimatum to withdraw German troops from Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August 1914. Monday 4 August 2014 will mark the 100th anniversary of the start of Britain’s involvement in World War One.

Front pages from the start of World War One

The news that Britain had joined World War One featured prominently in many of the newspapers printed the following day.
 

Search newspapers from World War One

 

Here’s a selection of the newspaper headlines announcing Britain’s involvement in WW1.

The front page of the Birmingham Gazette, announcing Britain's involvement in World War One

Birmingham Gazette – Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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Headline of the Daily Herald at the start of World War One

Daily Herald - Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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An advert for the army featured on the front page of the Birmingham Daily Mail on 5 August 1914

Birmingham Daily Mail - Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The Evening Despatch announced that England was at war with Germany in 1914

Evening Despatch - Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The front page of the Taunton Courier on 5 August 1914

Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser - Wednesday 05 August 1914
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

View the whole newspaper page

 

Reproducing images from The British Newspaper Archive

You are very welcome to share images from our newspapers on your own website, blog and on social media websites.

Please make sure you provide a link to www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk and also include the image’s copyright reference.

If you have any questions about sharing images from The British Newspaper Archive, or would like to use them for a commercial purpose please get in touch with us by emailing press@britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk

 

The start of WW1: Austria-Hungary declares war

Posted on July 28th, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

World War One officially started on 28 July 1914 when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

There are currently 25 newspapers from 28 July 1914 available to view online at The British Newspaper Archive. You’ll find clippings from some of these newspapers below, showing how the start of the war was reported.
 

Explore newspapers from 1914

 

Austria-Hungary’s declaration of war starts WW1

The Serbian Prime Minister received a telegram at 12.30pm on 28 July 1914. It stated that ‘Austria-Hungary… considers herself henceforward in state of war with Serbia’.

While many British newspapers were printed early in the morning and did not include news of the declaration of war, it was featured in some of the later editions. These included the Manchester Evening News, Evening Telegraph and Yorkshire Evening Post.

Austria-Hungary's declaration of war, reported in the Manchester Evening News

Manchester Evening News - Tuesday 28 July 1914
Image © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The start of World War One as reported in the Evening Telegraph

Evening Telegraph – Tuesday 28 July 1914
Image © D.C.Thomson & Co. Ltd. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The Yorkshire Evening Post reports the start of the First World War

Yorkshire Evening Post – Tuesday 28 July 1914
Image © Johnston Press plc. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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Peace or war? Before the news reached Britain

It’s fascinating to read the newspapers that were printed earlier on 28 July 1914, before news of Austria-Hungary’s declaration of war had reached Britain.

Some newspapers took the line that war had already begun, even though it had not been officially declared. This approach was taken by the Exeter and Plymouth Gazette.

The Exeter and Plymouth Gazette reports the start of WW1

Exeter and Plymouth Gazette – Tuesday 28 July 1914
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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The Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser took a different view. The newspaper reported that the situation was ‘in the balance’ and that a peaceful solution was still possible.

The Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser reported that peace was still possible on the day WW1 started

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser – Tuesday 28 July 1914
Image © Local World Limited. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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News filtered through: WW1 has started

You’ll find full reports about the start of World War One in the newspapers published on 29 July 1914, the day after Austria-Hungary declared war.

Some even included images, such as these examples from the Daily Record.

Photos of the day World War One started, published in the Daily Record

Daily Record – Wednesday 29 July 1914
Image © Trinity Mirror. Image created courtesy of THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD.

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Read the news from 1914

 

Using newspapers to research the Luton Hoo estate

Posted on July 23rd, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

Tom Mason-MckeanTom Mason-Mckean works as a volunteer with the Luton Hoo Walled Garden project, looking into all aspects of the estate’s history. It was great to hear how he’s been using The British Newspaper Archive in his research.

You can show us what you’ve found in The British Newspaper Archive by emailing press@britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk

 

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When I retired and started looking around for something to keep me occupied, I noticed that the Luton Hoo Walled Garden project in Bedfordshire was looking for researchers.

 

The history of the Luton Hoo estate

We are a voluntary group comprising gardeners, builders, toolmakers and researchers. We use The British Newspaper Archive to investigate various parts of the Luton Hoo estate’s history, including the owners, estate workers, the tools they used, where they lived and what they did.

I found this newspaper article from the Hertford Mercury and Reformer, printed on 18 November 1843, particularly interesting. It contained information about a fire and described how the housekeeper rallied other members of staff into rescuing the arts and treasures.

 

Newspaper article about a fire at Luton Hoo

 

Hertford Mercury and Reformer – Saturday 18 November 1843
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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People who worked at Luton Hoo

We are tracing the family trees of several people connected with the garden and estate, including some of the owners and workers. We are constantly researching and have also spoken to some of the descendants of the people who worked here.

I’ve discovered a number of very interesting newspaper articles about the people who worked here and what they did. One of these was published in the Luton Times and Advertiser on 20 September 1895.

The article concerns a harvest festival at Luton Hoo Chapel. It describes how the head gardener was not only responsible for cultivating and growing everything, but also made up the floral arrangements.

 

Newspaper article about a harvest festival at Luton Hoo

 

Luton Times and Advertiser – Friday 20 September 1895
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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You can find out more about the project and become a volunteer at the Luton Hoo estate’s website.

 

 

Working with Wikipedia to bring history facts to light

Posted on July 18th, 2014 by The British Newspaper Archive

The Wikipedia Library

We’ve recently donated 100 subscriptions to the Wikipedia community through the Wikipedia Library, a grant-funded programme which makes it easier for experienced volunteer editors to access research materials.

It’s very exciting to be involved in this new partnership. It allows us to contribute to Wikipedia, one of the most frequently used reference tools in the world, and demonstrates how local British and Irish newspapers can help improve public information about historical topics from around the world.

We asked Simon Tushingham, one of Wikipedia’s volunteer editors, to explain how The British Newspaper Archive has helped with his recent contributions.

 
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Simon, a Wikipedia contributor 

I have a History degree from the University of Cambridge and Wikipedia has always been a way for me to explore my interest in Indian and local history. When I got access to The British Newspaper Archive through the Wikipedia Library, I saw it as an opportunity to explore one of Salford’s local history mysteries.

Sir James Farmer

I discovered the mystery by speaking to several people who had been apprentices at the Sir James Farmer Norton & Co Ltd engineering firm at the Adelphi Ironworks in Salford.

None of them could really tell me anything about Sir James Farmer, though they knew lots about the products the company had manufactured. These were sold worldwide and many are still being used and resold now. Some of the products were truly innovative, such as a fast printing press.

The only information they really knew about Farmer was that he was once Mayor of Salford. Although the company did produce a celebratory booklet for an anniversary, there really doesn’t seem to have been much written about the man who started it all.

Starting Sir James Farmer’s Wikipedia article

Sir James FarmerBecause of his impact on my friends and our community, I suspected that Sir James Farmer may have been one of the more notable of the many self-made, often world-changing, engineering men who inhabited Manchester, Salford and the surrounding areas in the 19th century. He needed a Wikipedia article!

Wikipedia’s model for article development supports the ‘from little acorns…’ approach. If I could start an article about Farmer, then perhaps at some time in the future someone might find more information and add to it.

Wikipedia also has limitations. Inaccessible verifiable information usually means no article – it is meant to be an encyclopaedia, after all, so there needs to be some type of public and reliably documented conversation to show that it is of interest to the public. I couldn’t use the primary source material available at a couple of archives and there wasn’t really much else that I could find without trawling through microfilms.

Using The British Newspaper Archive

Enter The British Newspaper Archive! Forget spending days, probably weeks, twiddling at a film reader, I could get access to the most important information about Farmer with one simple search.

In the space of a couple of hours, most of which was spent being pleasantly distracted by other news articles surrounding the ones about Farmer, I’d gathered enough material to justify an article.

The man is now recognised on a major educational project that gets millions of viewers. I’ve planted that acorn and given him some of the recognition he deserves. Hopefully, given time, much more can be said about him and his company.

Sir James Farmer’s obituary

Here’s an example of what I was able to find at The British Newspaper Archive. Farmer’s obituary was published in the Manchester Times in 1892 and included an illustration of him:

 

Obituary of Sir James Farmer

Manchester Times – Friday 28 October 1892
Image © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

View the whole newspaper page

 
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You can read Simon’s article about Sir James Farmer at Wikipedia.